Diamonds in Ancient History

Since the beginning of recorded history, diamonds have been a source of power and beauty that has captivated mankind. They have always been the center of culture, myths, and legends. Even during ancient times, diamonds were a symbol of wealth, power, and love. Back then, these precious stones were not cut into the shimmering gems we are familiar with today. The ancient cultures worshiped the rough form of the stone, otherwise known as an octahedron. These rough diamonds had a configuration of 6 sharp points, 8 flat planes, and 12 straight, sharp ridges and were considered extremely magical.

The Pharaohs
In ancient Egypt, a diamond could be found in the middle of a hieroglyph known as an ankh, which is a cross with a loop on the top. The placement of the stone symbolized the sun, which the Egyptians considered the source of power, truth, and courage. Because of the Egyptians, today we still wear the engagement ring on the third finger of our left hand. They believed the ‘vein of love’ connected the ring finger and the heart.

Ancient India
The Hindu culture believed that diamonds were created by a lightning strike to a rock, and they used them to bring brilliance to the eyes of their statues.  The ancient Indians had a saying; “He who wears a diamond will see danger turn away.” The Hindus believed that diamonds made them invincible and that they brought mental clarity due to their refractive qualities.

Ancient Greeks and Romans
Greek and Roman history both show that diamonds were a very powerful force in their respective cultures. They believed that diamonds were tears of the gods they worshipped and even small pieces of broken stars that had fallen to earth. In Roman literature, Cupid tipped his arrows with diamonds, and Greek philosopher Plato implied that diamonds were living beings that embodied celestial spirits.

  

How Natural Diamonds Are Formed In The Earth

While natural diamonds typically form anywhere from 150-200km below the earth’s surface, the amount of time they take to develop varies. Some take millions of years, while others can take mere days, weeks, or months to form. It all depends on the conditions. The majority of diamonds are hundreds of millions, to even billions of years old. When a diamond starts to form, changes such as temperature fluctuation or the amount of pressure surrounding the stone can immediately halt the process. When the ideal environment returns, the process resumes. There is no way to accurately determine the age of a diamond, but estimates can be made based on inclusions of other elements which allow for some radioactive dating.

 

The 4 C's: Carat, Color, Clarity, and Cut

Carat: This is the measurement unit used to define the actual weight of the diamond. One carat weighs 200 milligrams. It is important to understand that the carat weight of the diamond does not completely determine its value. You can have 2 diamonds of the same weight however, the 3 other factors of color, cut, and clarity play a large role in determining the value. 

Color: Diamond colors are based on the GIA’s D-Z color grading scale. At the top of the scale, a D rating means that the stone is completely colorless, while the Z rating represents a light yellowish tint. Color is also influenced by the shape of the diamond, so for instance a round brilliant cut stone will hide a slight tint much more so than an emerald or oval cut. Colored fancy diamonds are also seeing an increase in demand. They come in all the colors of the rainbow and are considered exotic. The rarest diamond colors are red and green. 

Clarity: Diamond clarity is the metric used to grade the visual appearance of a diamond. The fewer inclusions inside the stone and blemishes on the surface of the stone the diamond has, the higher the grade. Most imperfections cannot be seen by the naked eye however the clarity grade can impact the cost of the diamond. Because diamonds form deep within the earth, they are subject to extreme heat and pressure. Perfect diamonds are extremely rare and therefore are in higher demand.

Cut: We consider this the most important of the 4C’s. Although this is the only part of diamond grading that is not controlled by nature, the quality of the actual cut is extremely significant when it comes to the brilliance of the diamond. The proportions, faceting, polish work, and the ability to return light to the eye are all considered.

 

Diamond Concierge Service

The Perfect Diamond For You

Your diamond shopping experience should be as special as the piece you put it in, which is why we offer a Diamond Concierge Service. We’ll help you source and choose the perfect stone by searching our vast connection of suppliers world-wide, and then presenting you with carefully selected options based on the criteria you provided. From there, our concierge team is here to help you decide which stone is right for you. They can provide as much guidance as you need using their expertise, to discuss every diamond in detail.

One-of-A-Kind Custom Grown Diamonds Service
Jeweler Angie Marei is proud to have partnered with The Diamond Foundry - Certified as the World's First 100% Carbon-Neutral Diamond Producer. The Diamond Foundry uses advanced technology to grow real diamonds right here in the U.S. while using less energy than industry mines. Diamonds are cut to perfect proportions to reveal a superior, striking, real diamond. It is the quality of the cut that delivers the much-desired brilliance of a diamond. Each diamond forms in its own way, with one-of-a-kind inclusions and unique growth patterns. No two diamonds are alike. Each is unique to the core. Our diamonds are certified with their unique gemological ID.

Because of our partnership with the Diamond Foundry, we are able to create custom, real diamonds based on any specification. The formation starts with a specimen from a natural diamond known as a seed, some help from engineers, and the use of super-advanced plasma technology to cultivate real diamonds the same way Mother Nature does. The only difference is that we don’t have the interruptions that occur when the earth forms diamonds. These diamonds are beautiful and 100% real.

“The history of your diamond starts with you”

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